CIRCLE (The Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement)
conducts research on the civic and political engagement of young Americans.
The Center for Information & Research on Civic Learning and Engagement

Disparities in Turnout and Civic Education

February 28th, 2008
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New CIRCLE Research Reveals Higher Income School Districts Offer More Opportunities to Learn about Politics and Citizenship

February 2008

Although half of young Americans ages 18-29 have never enrolled in college, 79 percent of the young voters on Super Tuesday attended college, according to new CIRCLE research. This gap was also evident in youth turnout rates: one in four eligible young voters with college experience voted on Super Tuesday, compared with one in 14 eligible young voters with no college experience. Click to download the research:

Instead of making things more equal, school systems exacerbate this political inequality by providing more opportunities to learn about politics to higher income students, white students, and academically successful students, according to a new CIRCLE study written by Joseph Kahne and Ellen Middaugh of the Civic Engagement Research Group (CERG) at Mills College. Students in higher-income school districts are up to twice as likely as those from average-income districts to learn how laws are made and how Congress works, for example. They are more than one-and-a-half times as likely to report having political debates and panel discussions. Click to download the research:

Find more analysis in our 2016 Election Center. For regular updates in your Inbox about youth and the 2016 election, sign up for CIRCLE's monthly E-Update here.

3 Responses to “Disparities in Turnout and Civic Education”

  1. health online Says:

    This data is really surprising! as for me I didn’t expect that the amount of High School graduate or less would be so little one! I think that this is really bad outcomes… Think in colleges professors should pay more attention to this p[roblem and must try to attract the youth to participate in the life of the society…

  2. Buy Pandora Online UK Says:

    it’s really helpful for me which I have ever seen.Its presented well and nicely written which easy to understand.Thank you very much for the information.

  3. Embroidery Machines For Sale Says:

    Education & casting voting rights are how closely related can be seen from the above bar graph.So education is quite important in civic engagement.