CIRCLE (The Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement)
conducts research on the civic and political engagement of young Americans.
Stay Connected:
The Center for Information & Research on Civic Learning and Engagement

RESEARCH PRODUCTS

CIRCLE (The Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement) offers research on the youth civic engagement in four principal formats for use by researchers, practitioners, educators, and the press.

Fact sheets provide a quick overview on a particular issue in the field of civic engagement, and more in-depth analyses are available through CIRCLE’s working papers, special reports, and books. The Around the CIRCLE newsletter is designed to provide you with snapshots of the latest research on youth civic engagement and civic education. Unedited survey results and other quantitative material is available through the raw data sets.

Get CIRCLE's Monthly Research Snapshots!

Thursday, May 17th, 2007

Subscribe to our mailing list

* indicates required







CIRCLE Newsletter Archive

Thursday, May 17th, 2007

The “Around the CIRCLE” newsletter is designed to provide you with snapshots of the latest research on youth civic engagement and civic education. We are no longer producing a hardcopy CIRCLE newsletter, but you can sign up for the CIRCLE e-update for monthly research snapshots.

Special Reports and Books

Thursday, May 17th, 2007

imageSpecial reports and books are unique offerings from CIRCLE. These publications haven been written by CIRCLE staff, grantees, and other research partners. These special release products provide and in-depth look at current civic engagement policies, programs, and trends.


Special Reports

Paths to 21st Century Competencies Through Civic Education Classrooms: An Analysis of Survey Results from Ninth-Graders
by Judith Torney-Purta and Britt S. Wilkenfeld

America’s Civic Health Index: Civic Health in Hard Times (2009)
by National Conference on Citizenship, Civic Enterprises, Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement & Saguaro Seminar
The Millennial Pendulum: A New Generation of Voters and the Prospects for a Political Realignment
by Peter Levine, Tufts University; Constance Flanagan, Pennsylvania State University; Les Gallay, Pennsylvania State University

“Civic Engagement and the Changing Transition to Adulthood”
by Constance Flanagan, Pennsylvania State University; Peter Levine, Tufts University; Richard Settersten, Case Western Reserve University

Engaging the Poor and People of Color in Organized Service: Challenges and Opportunities
by James B. Hyman

Getting Narrower at the Base: The American Curriculum after NCLB

by Peter Levine, Mark Hugo Lopez, and Karlo Barrios Marcelo

American’s Civic Health Index 2008: Beyond the Vote
by the National Conference on Citizenship (NCOC), The Center for Information & Research on Civic Learning and
Engagement (CIRCLE), and the Harvard University’s Saguaro Seminar: Civic Engagement in America

Young Voter Registration and Turnout Trends – a joint-report by CIRCLE and Rock the Vote
by Karlo Barrios Marcelo, Mark Hugo Lopez, Chris Kennedy, and Kat Barr

Millennials Talk Politics: A Study of College Student Political Engagement
by Abby Kiesa, Alexander P. Orlowski, Peter Levine, Deborah Both, Emily Hoban Kirby, Mark Hugo Lopez, and Karlo Barrios Marcelo.

The 2006 Civic and Political Health of the Nation
by CIRCLE Staff

Young Voter Mobilization Tactics
by Young Voter Strategies and CIRCLE

Higher Education: Civic Mission & Civic Effects
by The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and CIRCLE

The 2004 Youth Vote
by CIRCLE Staff

The Fountain of Youth: Political Parties and the Mobilization of Young Americans
by Daniel M. Shea and John C. Green

An Investigation of State Student Associations and Their Ability to Engage Students
by the Student Empowerment Training Project

Youth as E-Citizens: Engaging the Digital Generation
by Kathryn Montgomery, Barbara Gottlieb-Robles, and Gary O. Larson

Youth Vote Coalition’s Best Practices Handbook in Nonpartisan Voter Mobilization
by Youth Vote Coalition

The Civic Mission of Schools
by Peter Levine, Cynthia Gibson, et al.

OMG! How Generation Y Is Redefining Faith in the iPod Era
by Anna Greenberg

The 2002 Civic and Political Health of the Nation
by Scott Keeter, Cliff Zukin, Molly Andolina, and Krista Jenkins

Short-Term Impacts, Long-Term Opportunities
by CIRCLE and The Center for Democracy & Citizenship and The Partnership for Trust in Government at the Council for Excellence in Government

Recent books with CIRCLE staff as chapter authors 

James Youniss and Peter Levine, eds.,  Engaging Young People in Civic Life (Vanderbilt University Press, 2009)
David W. Brown and Deborah Witte, eds., Agent of Democracy: Higher Education and the HEX Journey (Kettering Foundation, 2008)

W. Lance Bennett, ed.,  Civic Life Online: Learning How Digital Media Can Engage Youth (MIT Press, 2008) 

CIRCLE-funded Books

CIRCLE supported these books with grants or other financial assistance.

Controversy in the Classroom: The Democratic Power of Discussion
by Dianna Hess

The Future of Democracy: Developing the Next Generation of American Citizens
by CIRCLE Director, Peter Levine

Everyday Politics: Reconnecting Citizens and Public Life
by Harry Boyte

Educating Citizens: Preparing America’s Undergraduates for Lives of Moral and Civic Responsibility
by Anne Colby, Thomas Ehrlich, Elizabeth Beaumont and Jason Stephens

Cultivating Democracy
by James G. Gimpel, J. Celeste Lay, and Jason E. Schuknecht

Get Out the Vote! How to Increase Voter Turnout
by Donald Green and Alan Gerber

Why Community Matters: Connecting Education with Civic Life
By Nicholas V. Longo

A New Engagement: Political Participation, Civic Life, and the Changing American Citizen
by Cliff Zukin, Scott Keeter, Molly Andolina, Krista Jenkins, and Michael X. Delli Carpini

Fact Sheets

Thursday, May 17th, 2007

Fact sheets are short documents with basic information and graphs. So far, CIRCLE has generated fact sheets on the following subjects (organized by topic area).

Youth Demographics | Political Participation and Voting | Community Participation | Youth Attitudes and Beliefs | Youth and News & Entertainment Media | K-12 Civic Education | Service Learning | Non-College 18-25’s | Group Membership and Social Networks | Race, Gender, Marital and Immigrant Status | Higher Education | Additional Resources | Archived Fact Sheets

Youth Demographics (Who are the 15-25s?)

  • 2006 Youth Demographics: Based on Current Population Survey data. Compares the numbers of 18-25 year-old residents and citizens by gender, race, ethnicity, geographic distribution, marital status, military status, unemployment, educational attainment, and assesses population trends from 1968-2006.
  • Immigrant Youth Demographics: Based on Current Population Survey data. Compares the numbers of 18-25 year-old immigrants by nativity status, gender, race, ethnicity, geographic distribution, country of origin, year of arrival, marital status, educational attainment, and assesses population trends from 1994-2006.

Political Participation and Voting

  • State Election Law Reform and Youth Voter Turnout: Based on the Current Population Surveydata (November supplement). Discusses the effect of state election law reform ( election day registration (EDR), absentee voting and longer polling hours) on the youth vote.
  • The Youth Vote in 2008: Based on the Current Population Survey data (November Supplement). Discusses the youth voter turnout in the 2008 Presidential Election by age, race, educational attainment and geographic region.
  • The Youth Vote in the 2008 Super Tuesday States: Based on exit poll data provided by Edison/Mitofsky this fact sheet analyzes the demographic make-up of each state’s young voters by party.  One in four eligible young voters with college experience voted on Super Tuesday, compared with one in 14 eligible young voters with no college experience.  Additionally it provides information on young people’s top issues and vote choices. Voter turnout data is also presented.
  • The Youth Vote in the 2008 Early Contests (NH, NV, NI, SC, & FL): Based on exit poll data provided by Edison/Mitofsky this fact sheet analyzes the demographic make-up of each state’s young voters by party. Additionally it provides information on young people’s top issues and vote choices. Voter turnout data is also presented.
  • The Youth Vote in the 2008 IA Caucus: Based on exit poll data provided by Edison/Mitofsky this fact sheet analyzes the demographic make-up of each party’s young caucus-goers. Additionally it provides information on young people’s top issues and vote choices. Voter turnout data is also presented.
  • Quick Facts About Young Voters by State – The Primary Election Season 2008: Using Current Population Survey data, these fact sheets present selected demographic characteristics of young voters and historical voter turnout trends. Click here to see the list of available state fact sheets.
  • Voter Registration Among Young People: This fact sheet presents data on voter registration rates from 1972-2006. This fact sheet also contains information on how citizens register to vote and, if they do not register to vote, the reasons why some do not register to vote.
  • Young Urban Voters in the Midterm Election Year 2006: Based on 2006 Current Population Survey data. This fact sheet presents information on the youth voter turnout rate in urban, suburban, and rural areas. A table with the rankings of youth voter turnout by metropolitan areas is also available.
  • Quick Facts About Young Voters by Metropolitan Area: The Midterm Election Year 2006: Based on1972-2006 Current Population Survey data and National Election Pool, National Exit Poll. This fact sheet includes information on voter turnout by demographic variables for 29 Metropolitan areas.
  • Quick Facts About Young Voters by State: The Midterm Election Year 2006: Based on1972-2006 Current Population Survey data and National Election Pool, National Exit Poll. This fact sheet includes information on voter turnout trend lines, voter turnout by demographic variables, and partisanship for EACH STATE.
  • Youth Voter Turnout Increases in 2006: Based on 1972-2006 Current Population Survey data and National Election Pool, National Exit Poll. This fact sheet includes information on voter turnout trend lines, voter turnout by demographic variables, voter turnout by state, and partisanship.
  • Young Voters in the 2006 Elections: Based on 1992-2006 National Election Pool, National Exit Poll. Compares youth and adult voters. Multiple voter turnout measures are also compared. Provides information on voting trends and attitudes of young voters.
  • Quick Facts about Young Voters: 2006: Based on 1974-2006 Current Population Survey data and the 2006 Civic and Political Health of the Nation Survey. Provides information on young voters in the midterm elections. For state-by-state analysis click here.
  • The Youth Vote 2004: Based on 1972-2004 Current Population Survey data. Compares voter turnout for 18-24 year olds and 18-29 year olds to that of older voters.
  • The New Face of America’s Social-Issues Voters: Based on the National Election Pool (NEP) national exit poll. Presents data on the role that “moral values” played in the 2004 youth vote.
  • Quick Facts on Young Voters: 2004: Based on 1972-2004 Current Population Survey data. Provides quick summary of voting statistics from the 2004 election.
  • Youth Voter Turnout in the States during the 2004 Presidential and 2002 Midterm Elections: Based on 1972-2004 Current Population Survey data. Shows a substantial variation in voter turnout rates by state in the 2002 and 2004 elections.
  • Voter Turnout Among Young Women and Men: Based on 1972-2004 Current Population Survey data, 2004 NEP exit poll data, and CEG/CIRCLE National Youth Survey 2004 data. Provides information on one measure of civic engagement, voter turnout, across men and women. Also highlights some of the similarities and differences between young women and young men in their attitudes towards voting.
  • Electoral Engagement Among Minority Youth: Based on 1972-2004 Current Population Survey data, 2004 NEP exit poll data, and the CEG/CIRCLE Youth Survey 2004. Presents data on the characteristics of the youth population and youth voting trends through 2004 by race and ethnicity.
  • Electoral Engagement Among Non-College Attending Youth: Based on 1972-2004 Current Population Survey data, 2004 NEP exit poll data, and the CEG/CIRCLE Youth Survey 2004. Provides information on the voting rates of non-college attending youth.
  • College students in the 2004 Election: Based on a survey of of 1,200 college students designed by Professor Richard Niemi of
    the University of Rochester and Professor Michael Hanmer of Georgetown University. Reports on college students voting choices in the 2004 presidential election.
  • State Voter Registration and Election Day Laws: Based on CIRCLE Working Papers 01 and 15. Compares states’ voter registration laws and the effects state voting laws have on turnout.
  • How Young People Expressed Their Political Views in 2006: Based on CIRCLE’s “Civic and Political Health of the Nation” surveys (2002 and 2006).
  • Electoral Engagement Among Latino Youth: Based on Current Population Survey data and CIRCLE National Youth Survey 2002 data.

Community Participation

  • Volunteering Among Youth of Immigrant Origin: Uses the Current Population Survey (CPS) September Voluntee Supplement for 2008. This fact sheet includes information on volunteering and civic engagement among youth or immigrant origin.
  • Volunteering Among Non-College Youth: Uses the Current Population Survey (CPS) September Volunteer Supplement for 2006. This fact sheet includes information on how volunteers become involved in an organization, trends in the volunteer rate, types of volunteer activities, median volunteer hours, and volunteer rates by geographical region.
  • College Experience and Volunteering: Uses the Current Population Survey (CPS) September Volunteer Supplement for 2006. This fact sheet includes information on how volunteers become involved in an organization, trends in the volunteer rate, types of volunteer activities, median volunteer hours, and volunteer rates by geographical region.
  • Volunteering Among High School Students: Uses the Current Population Survey (CPS) September Volunteer Supplement for 2006. This fact sheet includes information on how volunteers become involved in an organization, trends in the volunteer rate, types of volunteer activities, median volunteer hours, and volunteer rates by geographical region.
  • How Individuals Begin Volunteering:
  • Uses the Current Population Survey (CPS) September Volunteer Supplement for 2003, administered by the Bureau of the Census and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Offers a breakdown of how volunteers initially become involved in volunteer activity by state and age group.

  • Time Spent in Volunteer Activity: 2002 and 2003: Uses two data sets, CIRCLE’s Civic and Political Health survey of 2002 and the Current Population Survey (CPS) September Volunteer Supplements for 2002 and 2003, administered by the Bureau of the Census and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Offers a breakdown of time spent in volunteer activity by states and age groups.
  • Youth Volunteering in the States: 2002 and 2006: Uses the Current Population Survey (CPS) September Volunteer Supplements from 2002-2006, administered by the Bureau of the Census and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Offers a breakdown of volunteer rates by states and age groups.
  • Volunteering Among Young People: Based on a variety of data sources including CIRCLE’s 2006 Civic & Political Health of the Nation survey, Monitoring the Future data from 1976-2005, HERI data from 1984-2005, & NELS data from 1988. Compares youth volunteering with that of other generations, tracks high school & college student volunteering over time, and breaks down youth volunteering for organizations by organization type.

    See also: How Young People Express their Political Views and the section Group Membership and Social Networks

Youth Attitudes and Beliefs

News & Entertainment Media

K-12 Civic Education

Service-Learning

  • Service-Learning in K-12 Public Education: Based on surveys by National Youth Leadership Council, National Center for Education Statistics, and Fred Newmann and Robert Rutter. Offers a glimpse at the state of service-learning in public education today.

Non-College Youth

Group Membership and Social Networks

Race, Gender, Marital and Immigrant Status

  • Marital Status and Civic Engagement Among 18-25 Year Olds: Based on the Civic and Political Health of the Nation Survey (CIRCLE), 2006, and Current Population Survey data. Provides information on marriage rates and civic engagement by marital status.
  • Civic Engagement Among Young Men and Women: Based on the Civic and Political Health of the Nation Survey (CIRCLE), 2002 and 2006, Current Population Survey data, and Monitoring the Future data. Provides information on the 19 measures of civic engagement across men and women.
  • Civic Engagement Among Minority Youth: Based on the Civic and Political Health of the Nation Survey (CIRCLE), 2002 and 2006, Current Population Survey data, and Monitoring the Future data. Provides information on the 19 measures of civic engagement across race and ethnicity.
  • Voter Turnout Among Young Women and Men: Based on 1972-2004 Current Population Survey data, 2004 NEP exit poll data, and CEG/CIRCLE National Youth Survey 2004 data. Provides information on one measure of civic engagement, voter turnout, across men and women. Also highlights some of the similarities and differences between young women and young men in their attitudes towards voting.
  • Electoral Engagement Among Minority Youth: Based on 1972-2004 Current Population Survey data, 2004 NEP exit poll data, and the CEG/CIRCLE Youth Survey 2004. Presents data on the characteristics of the youth population and youth voting trends through 2004 by race and ethnicity.
  • Electoral Engagement Among Latino Youth: Based on Current Population Survey data and CIRCLE National Youth Survey 2002 data.

Higher Education

Additional Resources

Archived Fact Sheets

Working Paper Series

Thursday, May 17th, 2007

The Working Paper Series contains the most up-to-date research findings from
CIRCLE-funded grants. The series was developed to encourage discussion and critical comments that will further our understanding of the civic and political lives of young people. Authors welcome your feedback. E-mail addresses for all authors can be found on the cover of their respective working paper

CIRCLE Working Paper 74: The Engaged Citizen Index: Examining the Racial and Ethnic Civic and Political Engagement Gaps of Young Adults
by Rebecca Jacobsen and Tamara Wilder Linkow

CIRCLE Working Paper 73: Joining Young, Voting Young: The Effects of Youth Voluntary Associations on Early Adult Voting
by: Reuben J. Thomas and Daniel A. McFarland

CIRCLE Working Paper 72:  The Classroom-Kitchen Table Connection: The Effects of Political Discussion on Youth Knowledge and Efficacy
by: Dr. Tim Vercellotti and Dr. Elizabeth C. Matto

CIRCLE Working Paper 71: Youth Attitudes Toward Civility in Politics
by Melissa S. Kovacs & Daniel M. Shea

CIRCLE Working Paper 70:  A Five-Year Evaluation of a Comprehensive High School Civic Engagement Initiative
by Hugh McIntosh, Sheldon Berman, and James Youniss

CIRCLE Working Paper 69:  Predicting Civic Engagement in Urban High School Students
by Hugh McIntosh & Marco A. Muñoz

CIRCLE Working Paper 68:  Spiral of Rebellion: Conflict Seeking of Democratic Adolescents in Republican Counties.
by Michael McDevitt

CIRCLE Working Paper 67: Making Educational Progress: Links to Civic Engagement During the Transition to Adulthood
by Andrea Finlay and Connie Flanagan

CIRCLE Working Paper 66: Local and Absentee Voter Drives on a College Campus
by Kim Castle, Janice Levy, and Michael Peshkin

CIRCLE Working Paper 65: The Long-Term Impact of High School Civics Curricula on Political Knowledge, Democratic Attitudes, and Civic Behaviors: A Multi-Level Model of Direct and Mediated Effects Through Communication
by Myiah J Hutchens and William P. Eveland, Jr.

CIRCLE Working Paper 64: Does Context Matter? How the Family, Peer School, and Neighborhood Contexts Relate to Adolescents’ Civic Engagement
by Britt Wilkenfeld

CIRCLE Working Paper 63: Civic Engagement and the Disadvantaged: Challenges, Opportunities and Recommendations by James B. Hyman and Peter Levine

CIRCLE Working Paper 62: Do Race, Ethnicity, Citizenship and Socio-economic Status Determine Civic Engagement? by J. Foster-Bey

CIRCLE Working Paper 61 Adolescent Development of Trust by Connie Flanagan and Leslie Gallay

CIRCLE Working Paper 60: “The Informed Political Participation of Young Canadians and Americans” by Henry Milner

CIRCLE Working Paper 59: Democracy for Some: The Civic Opportunity Gap in High School
by Joseph Kahne and Ellen Middaugh

CIRCLE Working Paper 58: An Interim Report of the Evaluation of a Comprehensive High School Civic Engagement Intervention in Hudson, MA
by Hugh McIntosh, Sheldon H. Berman, & James A. Youniss

CIRCLE Working Paper 57: Best Practices in Civic Education: Changes in Students’ Civic Outcomes
by Amy K. Syvertsen, Constance A. Flanagan, & Michael D. Stout

CIRCLE Working Paper 56: Schools, Education Policy, and the Future of the First Amendment
by Mark Hugo Lopez, Peter Levine, Kenneth Dautrich, David Yalof

CIRCLE Working Paper 55: Civic Measurement Models: Tapping Adolescents’ Civic Engagement
by Constance A. Flanagan, Amy K. Syvertsen, and Michael D. Stout

CIRCLE Working Paper 54: Improving Text Books as a Way to Foster Civic Understanding and Engagement
by Marilyn Chambliss, Wendy Richardson, Judith Torney-Purta, and Britt Wilkenfeld

CIRCLE Working Paper 53: Do Gender and Ethnicity Affect Civic Engagement and Academic Progress?
by Alberto Davila and Maria Mora

CIRCLE Working Paper 52: Civic Engagement and High School Academic Progress
by Alberto Davila and Maria Mora

CIRCLE Working Paper 51: The Civic Achievement Gap
by Meira Levinson

CIRCLE Working Paper 50: Civil Rights Activists in the Information Age: The Development of Math Literacy Workers in the Young People’s Project
by Roderick J. Watts and Omar Guessous

CIRCLE Working Paper 49: Experiments in Political Socialization: Kids Voting USA as a Model for Civic Education Reform
by Michael McDevitt and Spiro Kiousis

CIRCLE Working Paper 48: Assessing School Citizenship Education Climate: Implications for the Social Studies
by Gary Homana, Carolyn Barber and Judith Torney-Purta

CIRCLE Working Paper 47: Developing Indicators and Measures of Civic Outcomes for Elementary School Students
by Bernadette Chi, JoAnn Jastrzab, and Alan Melchoir

CIRCLE Working Paper 46: College Students & Politics: A Literature Review
by Nicholas V. Longo and Ross P. Meyer

CIRCLE Working Paper 45: Youth Civic Engagement: An Institutional Turn
edited by Peter Levine and James Youniss

CIRCLE Working Paper 44: Sports, Youth and Character: A Critical Survey
by Robert K. Fullinwider

CIRCLE Working Paper 43: Measuring Volunteering: A Behavioral Approach
by Chris Toppe, Ph.D.

CIRCLE Working Paper 42: Young Voters and the Web of Politics 2004: The Youth Political Web Sphere Comes of Age
by Lance Bennett and Michael Xenos

CIRCLE Working Paper 41: Gender and Civic Engagement: Secondary Analysis of Survey Data
by Krista Jenkins, Ph.D.

CIRCLE Working Paper 40: The Changing Lifeworld of Young People: Risk, Resume-Padding, and Civic Engagement
by Lewis A. Friedland and Shauna Morimoto (doctoral candidate)

CIRCLE Working Paper 39: Modern Universities, Absent Citizenship? Historical Perspectives
by William Talcott

Working Paper 38: Giving Back to the Community: African American Inner City Teens and Civic Engagement
by Michelle M. Charles, Charles Communications Consulting

CIRCLE Working Paper 37: The Political Participation of College Students, Working Students and Working Youth
by Sharon E. Jarvis, Lisa Montoya & Emily Mulvoy

CIRCLE Working Paper 36: The Political Participation of Working Youth and College Students
by Sharon E. Jarvis, Lisa Montoya & Emily Mulvoy

CIRCLE Working Paper 35: The Youth Vote 2004: With a Historical Look at Youth Voting Patterns, 1972-2004
by Mark Hugo Lopez, Emily Kirby, Jared Sagoff, and Chris Herbst of CIRCLE

CIRCLE Working Paper 34: Survey of Civic Learning Opportunities for Out-of-School Youth in the Adult Education and Literacy System
by Melanie Daniels and Marilyn Gillespie of SRI International

CIRCLE Working Paper 33: The Impact of Participation in Service-Learning on High School Students’ Civic Engagement
by Shelley Billig, Sue Root, and Dan Jesse of RMC Research Corporation

CIRCLE Working Paper 32: Social Representation in the U.S. Military Services
by Mark Adamshick

CIRCLE Working Paper 31: Youth Civic Engagement: Systems Changes and Culture Change in Hampton, Virginia
by Carmen Sirianni

CIRCLE Working Paper 30: Recognizing the Role of Community in Civic Education: Lessons from Hull House, Highlander Folk School, and the Neighborhood Learning Community
by Nicolas V. Longo

CIRCLE Working Paper 29 News for a New Generation: Can it be Fun and Functional?
by Susan Sherr

CIRCLE Working Paper 28: Voice in the Classroom:How an Open Classroom Environment Facilitates Adolescents’ Civic Development
by David E. Campbell

CIRCLE Working Paper 27: From the Horse’s Mouth: A Dialogue Between Politicians and College Students
by Christopher Beem

CIRCLE Working Paper 26: Civic Engagement and the Canvass
by Dana R. Fisher

CIRCLE Working Paper 25: Civic Views of Young Adult Minorities: Exploring the Influences of Kinship Communities and Youth Mentoring Communities on Prosocial Civic Behaviors
by Diann Cameron Kelly

CIRCLE Working Paper 24 Technology and Politics: Incentives for Youth Participation
by Shanto Iyengar and Simon Jackman

CIRCLE Working Paper 23: A Comparative Analysis of Community Youth Development Strategies
by Michell Alberti Gambone, Hanh Cao Yu, Heather Lewis-Charp, Cynthia L Sipe, Johanna Lacoe

CIRCLE Working Paper 22: Education for Deliberative Democracy: The Long-term Influence of Kids Voting USA
by Michael McDevitt and Spiro Kiousis

CIRCLE Working Paper 21: The Effects of an Election Day Voter Mobilization Campaign Targeting Young Voters
by Donald P. Green

CIRCLE Working Paper 20: Young Voters and the Web of Politics: Pathways to Participation in the Youth Engagement and Electoral Campaign Web Spheres
by W. Lance Bennett and Mike Xenos

CIRCLE Working Paper 19: Getting Out the Vote Among Asian Pacific American Young Adults in Los Angeles County: A Field Experiment
by Janelle Wong

CIRCLE Working Paper 18: Politics: The Missing Link of Responsible Civic Education
by Kenneth S. Stroupe, Jr. and Larry J. Sabato

CIRCLE Working Paper 17: Adolescents’ Trust and Civic Participation in the United States: Analysis of Data from the IEA Civic Education Study
by Judith Torney-Purta, Wendy Klandl Richardon, and Carolyn Henry Barber

CIRCLE Working Paper 16: News for a New Generation Report 1: Content Analysis, Interviews, and Focus Groups
by Susan Sherr

CIRCLE Working Paper 15: How Postregistration Laws Affect the Turnout of Registrants
by Raymond Wolfinger, Benjamin Highton, and Megan Mullin

CIRCLE Working Paper 14: The Relationship between Secondary Education and Civic Development: Results from Two Field Experiments with Inner City Minorities
by John Phillips

CIRCLE Working Paper 13: Throwing a Better Party: Local Mobilizing Institutions and the Youth Vote
by Daniel M. Shea

CIRCLE Working Paper 12: Civic Education through National Service
by Melissa Bass

CIRCLE Working Paper 11: National Service in America: Policy (Dis)Connections Over Time
by Melissa Bass

CIRCLE Working Paper 10: Mobilizing the Latino Youth Vote:
by Melissa Michelson

CIRCLE Working Paper 09 The Effects of Catholic School on Civic Participation
by Thomas Dee

CIRCLE Working Paper 08: Are There Civic Returns to Education?
by Thomas Dee

CIRCLE Working Paper 07: The Civic Bonding of School and Family
by Michael McDevitt

CIRCLE Working Paper 06: The Role of Civic Skills in Fostering Civic Engagement
by Mary Kirlin

CIRCLE Working Paper 05: Promoting Positive Citizenship: Priming Youth For Action
by Jonathan F. Zaff

Working Paper 04: Identity Development and Feelings of Fulfillment: Mediators of Future Civic Engagement
by Jonathan F. Zaff

CIRCLE Working Paper 03: Socializing Youth for Citizenship
by Jonathan F. Zaff

Working Paper 02: The Role of Adolescent Extracurricular Activities in Adult Political Engagement
by Mary Kirlin

CIRCLE Working Paper 01: Easier Voting Methods Boost Youth Turnout
by Mary Fitzgerald

Data Sets

Thursday, May 17th, 2007

Unedited survey results and other quantitative materials are available through the raw data sets.

The following data are now available, and more will be released in the future. Select data sets can be analyzed either with our online software, SDA, or by downloading raw datafiles in STATA version 6.0, SPSS Portable File, or SAS Transport File format.

Our data can now be statistically analyzed and viewed online using the Survey Documentation and Analysis program on our server. SDA is a set of programs designed to provide online access and manipulation of statistical data. For a visual PowerPoint presentation on how to use SDA click here.

The 2006 Civic and Political Health of the Nation survey

National Youth Survey, 2004

National Youth Survey, 2002

YouthVote’s June 2002 Survey of Young Americans (18-24)

CIRCLE/MTV September 2004 Pre-Election Survey of Young Americans

The Civic and Political Health of the Nation: National Youth Survey of Civic Engagement 2002

The Civic and Political Health of the Nation: National Civic Engagement Survey I, Spring 2002

The Civic and Political Health of the Nation: National Civic Engagement Survey II, Fall 2002

Other Data Sources

  • For those interested in General Social Survey or National Election Study data, a convenient interface can be found on the Survey Documentation and Analysis page via the University of California, Berkeley.
  • A good source for data on Internet usage is this Webpage, operated by the Department of Sociology at the University of Maryland.
  • The Harvard Institute of Politics has released a 2003 political survey of college students.